- Twelve countries had mean scores for reading which were significantly higher than that of England. In 14 countries the difference in mean scores from that in England was not statistically significant. Thirty-eight countries had mean scores that were significantly lower than England.
- The mean score for reading in England was slightly above the OECD average but this difference was not statistically significant.
- England’s performance in 2009 does not differ greatly from that in the last PISA survey in 2006.